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General Category => Gaddafi => Topic started by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 10:57:30 am

Title: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 10:57:30 am
Muammar Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi (Arabic: معمر القذافي‎ Muʿammar al-Qaḏḏāfī About this sound audio  [the last name is also transliterated as Kaddafi, Kadhafi, Gadhafi, Qadhafi etc.], also known as Colonel Gaddafi; born 7 June 1942) has been the leader of Libya since a coup in 1969.


Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 11:07:25 am
Gaddafi's house


Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 11:14:20 am

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 11:25:43 am
Soog al jum'a district of Tripoli -

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 12:03:30 pm
Green square





Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 12:06:58 pm
Mapping Violence Against Pro-Democracy Protests in Libya


Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 12:19:43 pm



Libya Unrest 24/02/11 A boy used his mobile phone to capture the wreckage of a room in Gaddafi’s palace in Benghazi, now out of the reach of forces loyal to the president. Photograph: Michael Graae/LNP

Muammar Gaddafi's forces have launched counterattacks to defend Tripoli and western Libya against the popular uprising now consolidating its hold on the "liberated" east of the country and advancing into loyalist territory.

Heavy fighting was reported from the important town of al-Zawiya, 35 miles west of the capital, yesterday while armoured units commanded by Gaddafi's son Khamis and other loyalist forces deployed eastwards along the coastal road towards Misurata, the country's third largest city and a major port, said to be in the hands of rebels equipped with heavy weapons.

Information remained fragmentary, confused and sometimes contradictory, but the Libyan leader appeared rattled by the challenge from al-Zawiya, which had a reputation as a patriotic stronghold until anti-regime protests erupted and an army unit joined in last weekend.

Reports from the scene described how soldiers opened fire with automatic weapons and anti-aircraft guns, hitting a mosque. The Quryna newspaper said 23 people had been killed and 44 injured. Al-Jazeera TV reported 100 dead.

Gaddafi singled out al-Zawiya in another rambling speech – by telephone to state TV – in which he attacked "rats and hired agents of foreign intelligence" and youngsters on drugs whose parents needed to take them home and off the streets. "May God curse them," he said. "Bin Laden must be happy," he added, again arguing that al-Qaida and Islamists were poised to take over the country.

Anti-Gaddafi forces were also reported to have taken over Zuwara, further west towards the Tunisian border, after army units sided with them and police fled.

Crucially, however, Tripoli itself was reported to be quiet but very tense, and apparently under government control, though there have been calls for protests on Fridaytoday.

The authorities were apparently preparing for the arrival of a group of foreign journalists invited by the regime to try to create an impression of normality. But the move appeared to have backfired when one of the group, an Italian correspondent, was kicked and punched by a militiaman at a checkpoint on his way into the city.

Fabrizio Caccia of the daily Corriere della Sera was assaulted after producing his Italian passport. "Fabrizio was trying to show them he had a visa. He told me he was punched in the ear and kicked on the hand," said the head of the paper's Rome bureau, Marco Cianca, who spoke to the reporter after he reached a hotel in the city. The nine Italian journalists flew into Tripoli airport to find there was no one there to collect them, Cianca said.

There were clear signs of attempts to clean up the city after the protests. Medical sources reported that the corpses of those killed in recent days and injured patients were removed from the Tripoli Medical Centre and another hospital. Witnesses reported that they were taken to Mitiga military airport. "They are trying to hide the evidence and cleaning up the streets and telling people to go to work," said one man. "But from dusk onwards it's a ghost town."

Gaddafi had been thought to be in his residential compound at Bab al-Aziziya, protected by revolutionary guard units, but his telephone interview with the TV suggested he might now be elsewhere.

Residents said uniformed police were directing traffic as usual, state TV was broadcasting and Gaddafi supporters held a rally in the city. But there were also accounts of police and soldiers vanishing and armed protesters patrolling towns close to the capital.

With Benghazi and the east apparently now out of its reach, analysts said the key locations the regime must now defend and hold were Tripoli itself, Gaddafi's home town and region of Sirte, midway along the Mediterranean coast between Benghazi and Tripoli, and two oil terminals.

Confusion surrounded the whereabouts and activities of a key regime loyalist, the leader's cousin Ahmed Gadaffdam, a trusted aide who had been in Egypt but was reported to have gone to Syria where opposition sources suggested he was seeking help to crush the rebels with air power. If he had defected it would be a grave blow. But Libyans said this was unlikely for a man described as "a partner in Gaddafi's crimes".

The most significant regime defection so far has been that of Gaddafi's interior minister, Abdel-Fatah Younis al-Obeidi, now said to be helping co-ordinate the eastern rebellion from the Benghazi area. Mustafa Abdul-Jalil, the former minister of justice, claimed that Gaddafi and his sons would use biological and chemical weapons if they were desperate. "He will burn everything," Abdul-Jalil told al-Jazeera.

Gaddafi was supposed to have surrendered his arsenal of weapons of mass destruction as part of his rapprochement with the west after the Iraq war in 2003.

Libya's ambassador to Jordan joined the ranks of diplomats around the world who have now broken with the regime, if not joined the opposition. Mohammed Hassan Barghathi denounced "the bloody clashes in my country … as unbelievable, unimaginable and unjustifiable".

Behind the scenes, according to Libyan and Arab sources, intensive efforts are under way to persuade key tribes to throw in their lot with the uprising, perhaps with the help of funding from Saudi Arabia, whose conservative monarchy has long loathed Gaddafi. In the west an important tribe called the Warfalla live on both sides of the border with Tunisia and the Oulad Ali live in Libya and Egypt.

Tribal leaders and politicians met in al-Bayda in the east to demonstrate a united front against Gaddafi in one of the first signs of organisation by the opposition.

TV pictures showed delegates giving speeches in a conference hall amid loud chants against Gaddafi. Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam attacked what he called a "conspiracy by our Arab brothers", hinting at intervention in Libya's internal affairs.

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 01:04:31 pm


Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 01:24:42 pm
Colonel Gaddafi: ''We will fight those who are against us''
Continue reading the main story
Mid-East Unrest


Anti-government protesters in Tripoli have come under heavy gunfire, latest reports from the Libyan capital say.

Protests in the city resumed as those seeking the overthrow of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi emerged from mosques following Friday prayers.

There are reports of deaths and injuries, but no reliable information about casualties.

Meanwhile, state TV has shown pictures of Colonel Gaddafi addressing a large crowd in Tripoli's Green Square.

He was shown speaking from the old city ramparts and urging the crowd to arm themselves and defend the nation and its oil against anti-government protesters who have taken control of large parts of the country.
Continue reading the main story
“Start Quote

    Life without dignity has no value, life without green flags has no value”

End Quote Col Muammar Gaddafi Libyan leader

"This is the people that brought Italy to its knees," he said, referring to the overthrow of Libya's colonial rulers. "I am amid the masses, and we shall fight, and we shall defeat them.

"We shall destroy any aggression with popular will. With the armed people, when necessary we will open the weapons depots. So that all the Libyan people, all the Libyan tribes can be armed. Libya will become a red flame, a burning coal."

As his supporters waved green flags, the symbol of Col Gaddafi's rule, he said: "Life without dignity has no value, life without green flags has no value. Sing, dance and prepare yourselves."

Later, at a hastily organised news conference at the United Nations in New York, Libyan deputy ambassador Ibrahim Dabbashi described Col Gaddafi, who has been in power for 42 years, as a "madman" and warned that thousands would die in Tripoli because the Libyan leader would never flee, and would fight to the end.

He urged all Libyan diplomats across the world to renounce the regime and make it clear that they represented the people, not Col Gaddafi, and called on African states not to send soldiers or aid to his government.

Earlier, state TV said the government would give each family 500 dinars (£250; $400) to cover increased food costs, while some public sector workers would receive a pay rise of 150%.

However, much of Libya is now in the hands of anti-government forces, and the UN World Food Programme says Libya's food supply chain is at risk of collapse because imports have not been getting into the country and food distribution is hampered by violence.

Fighting has raged for the past week outside the capital between anti-government forces and pro-Gaddafi troops and militiamen. The UN has said reports from Libya indicate thousands may have been killed or injured.
'City is closed'

In the capital on Friday, witnesses reported that protesters streamed out of a mosque in central Tripoli after the end of prayers at lunchtime.

They were confronted by a force of troops and militiamen who opened fire on them in the Suq al-Jumaa area as they headed towards Green Square. Snipers on rooftops are also said to have fired on the marchers.


Reports of anti-government protesters being fired on have also come from other areas of the capital including Fashloom, Janzour and Zawlyat al-Dahmani.

"Many people are being killed right now in Tripoli, I just got a few phone calls from friends who witnessed people going out of mosques being shot at," one Tripoli resident told the BBC.

"I am very scared to leave the house. I was planning to visit my parents, but they called me and told me not to go out because there's heavy security on the main roads, stopping cars for checks.

"We haven't left the house for six days, apart from going out to buy bread. The city is completely closed."

Outside Tripoli, reports say attempts by pro-Gaddafi forces to take back territory in the cities of Zawiya and Misrata have been repulsed.

However, an elite brigade commanded by Col Gaddafi's son Khamis is believed to be dug in around the capital.
'Appalling and unacceptable'

Evacuations of foreign nationals from Libya by sea continued on Friday, although rough weather hampered the operations.

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 02:11:53 pm
Doctors without Borders (MSF) say that additional MSF teams with medical supplies are being blocked from entering #Libya.

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 06:23:44 pm
Editor: Bruce Maddy-Weitzman February 9, 2010
Qaddafi and his Nuclear Program: Second
Yehudit Ronen
A political cartoon entitled “The West Threatens to Step Up Sanctions on Iran”
appeared recently in a Kuwaiti newspaper. It depicted Iranian president
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad tied down to a bed by flimsy ropes while a strong
Western or American hand tickles the soles of his feet with a soft feather,
causing him to laugh hysterically.
How might Libyan leader Mu`ammar al-Qaddafi react to this cartoon? What
memories and associations have been provoked in Tripoli by the issue of
sanctions on Iran? How does Qaddafi assess the strategic and political
outcomes of his renunciation of Libya’s clandestine nuclear weapons program
in 2003, an exceptional case in the annals of the global nuclear order? Does he
regret his action? Would he act differently today, particularly against the
backdrop of Iran’s determined drive to advance its nuclear program and the
weak Western efforts to inhibit it? More importantly, is Qaddafi at all
contemplating the possibility of a renewal of his own program in line with his
repeatedly declared principle of “the right of any state to acquire a nuclear
program for civilian goals?” Or are these statements merely a tactic to persuade
the US to supply Libya with advanced weaponry and civilian nuclear
technology, as Libya claims to have been promised in return for agreeing to
abandon its WMD program?
Libya’s surprising decision to dismantle its WMD program, including the
nuclear component, was announced on December 19, 2003. It came on the eve
of the 15th anniversary of the explosion of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie,
Scotland, and four years after the suspension of crippling UN Security Council
sanctions on Tripoli, following the handing over of two Libyan intelligence
officials for trial before a special Scottish court sitting in the Netherlands. In
retrospect, the decision had considerable logic. Seven years of Libyan
diplomatic and economic isolation from the international community had taken
its toll on the country: growing socio-economic grievances, which generated
political resentment and resulted in the emergence of a dangerous radical
Islamic opposition, threatened the regime’s survival. Moreover, Qaddafi had
extracted whatever possible political gain from his unceasing religio-nationalist
confrontation with “evil Western imperialism”. Hence, the time was now ripe
for Tripoli’s engagement in a direct dialogue with Washington and London.
With the passage of time and following the end of the Lockerbie crisis and the
ultimate cancellation of the UN sanctions, their triangular dialogue eventually
resulted in the Libyan decision to renounce its WMD program. This dramatic
act caught much of the international community by surprise on several counts.
Not only had Libya surprised the international community by dismantling its
clandestine program, it had also demonstrated its capacity to acquire advanced
nuclear technology and materials, including centrifuges for enriching uranium,
notwithstanding seven years of tough sanctions and international isolation.
At the time, Qaddafi portrayed the renunciation as a “win-win deal” and a
“courageous” step towards building “a green, peaceful and stable planet.”
Moreover, he called on Syria, Iran and North Korea to follow in Tripoli’s
footsteps. His prime minister at the time, economist and prominent reformist
Shukri Ghanem, even described Libya’s action in terms of the Prophet Isaiah’s
vision of the End of Days, “the turning of our swords into ploughshares.”
Obviously, Qaddafi and his son and heir apparent Saif al-Islam expected to
reap substantial and prompt rewards for what they regarded as their country’s
huge political and military sacrifice.
Six years later, however, on the eve of a January 2010 visit by Iran’s Foreign
Minister Manouchehr Mottaki to Tripoli, Libya’s ambassador to Tehran found
the moment appropriate to declare that “Libya has not frozen its nuclear
program.” Yet, in the same breath, Tripoli clarified that it had no intention of
developing nuclear weapons. Still, the ambassador’s statement, obviously made
with the approval of his superiors, indicated Tripoli’s accumulating frustration
and even rage over what it views as the West’s flagrant failure to reward Libya
for having sacrificed its clandestine program. Qaddafi publicly vented his
feelings on a number of occasions, including one in which he professed the
right of a future Palestinian state to be militarized. In another statement, he
objected to the possibility of any military action being taken against Iran,
apparently having in mind the still traumatic American air attack on Libya in
While expressing disappointment and a sense of betrayal by the West, and in
particular the US, for what he perceives to be a breach of their commitment to
Libya, Qaddafi has remained careful not to relapse into a confrontation mode.
Attempting to exert pressure on Washington, even while further rebuking it, the
Libyan leader revealed to a Western interviewer that he had appealed to Iran
and North Korea, at America’s request, to halt their nuclear weapons programs,
but had been rebuffed with a counter-question: “What had Libya earned from
its renunciation deal?” In other words, in Qaddafi’s view, the deal with the
West had not been fully implemented. Qaddafi made the point even more
explicitly to another Western media outlet, declaring that Libya “did not
receive any reward from the world”.
While still hoping to be rewarded according to his expectations, and having
been strengthened by his country’s flourishing economy, internal political
stability and the important inputs of his son into the handling of Libya’s
domestic and foreign affairs, Qaddafi has become increasingly vocal in
challenging Western efforts to block Iran’s nuclear program. As Tehran
continues to proceed with its efforts, Libya, as well as other countries in the
Middle East and beyond, are watching and apparently drawing conclusions.
Libya’s Defense Minister, General Abu Bakr Yunis, recently visited Moscow,
where he purchased nearly $2 billion worth of Russian arms and military
equipement. Although no details were given, and although no formal reference
was made regarding the newly-established military cooperation between Libya
and Russia, Tripoli’s wish to acquire nuclear technology gives room to assume
that the subject was high on the agenda of their bilateral discussions..
With Iran striding towards acquiring a nuclear weapons capability, one may
assume that other Middle Eastern states are likely to follow suit. This, in turn,
might turn the Middle East into a poly-nuclear region. Is Libya going to give
life to its long-standing insistence that all states, including the Arab ones, may
legitimately possess nuclear weapons?
TEL AVIV NOTES is published with the support of the V. Sorell Foundation

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 06:53:48 pm
Izzat Almegaryaf

Atlanta (CNN) -- One afternoon this week, Ahmed Almegaryaf, a college student and part-time DJ in suburban Atlanta made the rounds to a local music joint in his gray Nissan Altima.

Amid six lanes of traffic on the interstate, it was not difficult to see the oversize sticker plastered on his rear window: "Where is my father?"

It's a question that has haunted Ahmed, 26, and his two brothers all of their lives.

Their father, a Libyan opposition activist, "disappeared" 20 years ago. The sons of Izzat Almegaryaf don't know where he is -- or whether he is still alive.


All that they know is derived from a handful of letters smuggled out of a Tripoli jail in the mid-1990s. For two decades, they've been left to ponder the grim possibilities of what happens to a man who opposes a dictator as ruthless as Moammar Gadhafi.

Now, a popular revolt in Libya has presented new hope for the Almegaryaf brothers. Gadhafi has vowed rivers of blood to preserve his power. But for the first time since he seized Libya's helm in 1969, his fate seems uncertain.

As images and reports from Libya flooded the brothers' television and computer screens this week, Ahmed, Youcif and Bashir could think of nothing except their father. And the possibility that at last, they might find answers to the question that has defined their lives.

Youcif, 27, remembers the day his father was taken away, and could hardly watch footage of Gadhafi's crackdown on protesters. This was the man he believes is responsible for destroying his own family. How could he simply watch from afar?

He said his goodbyes to Ahmed and Bashir, busy studying economics and international relations at Emory University. Now 21, Bashir has chosen to study subjects that were dear to the father he has never known.

Youcif made his way to the Atlanta airport Tuesday evening to board a flight to Cairo, Egypt, compelled to help in any way he could. For now, he plans to shuttle medical aid into eastern Libya.

The Almegaryaf family believes the Libyan people will prevail. They believe Gadhafi is in his last hours, desperation oozing from his words and actions.

With that prospect, improbable for so long, the three brothers know only this: They are perhaps on the verge of finally knowing many truths about their nation -- and about their father.

'Daddy, I want to go with you'

On a March evening 20 years ago, a man wearing a traditional Arab disdasha appeared at the apartment in Cairo that the three young Almegaryaf brothers shared with their parents.

Izzat Almegaryaf had fled Gadhafi's Libya several years earlier, but he had never surrendered his dreams of freedom.

The man in the disdasha demanded that Izzat go with him.

"Daddy, I want to go with you," pleaded Youcif, then only 6. His father did not turn back.

Plucked from his home and blindfolded, Izzat was put on a jet to Tripoli, the capital of his homeland, and thrown behind bars in one of Gadhafi's jails.

No one informed his family of the charges against him. No one told them of his whereabouts.

Gadhafi had called for a "physical liquidation" of his political opponents, many of whom were arrested and put to death in public executions, according to Amnesty International.

Izzat Almegaryaf was one of Gadhafi's targets.

On that March evening, a family's life was shattered. A husband, disappeared. A wife, Nora, suddenly alone. And three little boys left fatherless.

Youcif and Ahmed, then 5, yearned to go to the Cairo zoo again with their father so they could feed carrots to the giraffes. Or sit and watch their father play cards with his friends, trying to learn how to mimic his every move. They missed their father's embrace.

Bashir was -- blissfully perhaps -- only five weeks old when Izzat was taken and does not harbor the memories of his older brothers. He grew up constantly asking questions about their father: "What was Baba like?"

Three years later, the family settled in suburban Atlanta under the wing of Mohammed Almegaryaf, the boys' uncle and once a high-ranking Libyan government official who founded the opposition National Front for the Salvation of Libya.

They eked out a new life, becoming citizens of a place far from North Africa, always waiting for the day when Gadhafi would tumble and their father would be released. For two agonizing decades, they spent their days longing for one man and hating another.

Smuggled words of love

Over the years, people told Nora to forget the life she made with Izzat, a handsome former army officer and political activist who loved poetry and music. They told her she should remarry, find happiness again.

Nora refused to abandon her husband. She believed in her heart he would return.

And yet, the boys knew that they could not kid themselves. They were dealing with one of the most ruthless regimes in the world.

They learned snippets of their father's circumstances through his letters from Abu Salim prison. But the last was received in the mid 1990s.

There has been no direct news of Izzat since then, though reliable witnesses working with human rights groups including Amnesty International and the United Nations Human Rights Council have reported sightings of him up until 1996, the year Gadhafi squashed an uprising at Abu Salim with brutal force. Human Rights Watch says 1,200 prisoners were killed that day.

It would be one thing to cope with a father's detention. It is another to pass each waking hour not knowing.

The boys recalled always being asked by strangers: "Where is your father?"

"He's away on a business trip," Youcif would reply, knowing the security risks for speaking the truth.

The family had received anonymous telephone calls threatening them right after Izaat's abduction. Another time, a suspicious phone call came to Youcif's elementary school in Atlanta from a man who alleged he was Izzat and that the school should have the boy ready to be picked up.

The family felt they were being watched; that too many people knew too many things about them. That was the nature of Gadhafi's security apparatus, they said.

Sometimes, Youcif had nightmares of his father being pulled out of his cell and shot.

Ahmed developed nonepileptic seizures -- sometimes up to seven an hour -- that his therapist concluded were trauma-induced.

At first, Nora read out only parts of her husband's letters that were addressed to the boys. She wanted to spare her tender children the harsh truth.

She knew the letters were genuine -- they were written in her husband's distinct Arabic calligraphy, often difficult to decipher by those unfamiliar with it.

He told her he had not been the best husband and father and that it had been due to his "preoccupation with the Libyan cause."

To his sons, his "three musketeers, his dear ones, the light of my eyes," he wrote:

"You are my dreams for a better future for all of us. I cannot express to you how much I do miss you, for writing won't do it justice. You are always on my mind. Your greetings reach me with every breath of fresh air I get in the early morning. They reach me with the birds, which have made a nest on my pillow. Whenever the guards go to sleep, the birds come to me telling me stories about you. Your greetings reach me as the wind plays music on the walls of my cell. You come to me with the sunrise of every sun and fill my heart with love. You come to me at night with every moon. You are always with me."

He told them to learn how to be strong, to learn to swim and ride a horse. To always be good Muslims. And that one day, he knew, they would be reunited in a free Libya.

"I taught you that our country does not become greater without us standing up to defend it. It only grows with our efforts, sweat and sacrifices," he wrote.

"When I was with you, I used to worry for your safety, show you endless love, and give you whatever you asked for, you can only imagine how I feel now as I am far away from you."

The boys held on to every word. They tried to picture their father sitting in a dark cell. Where did he get the paper? What was he wearing? Was he in pain? How was he treating his diabetes?

Later, they learned from the letters that their father was detained by a Col. Mohamed Hassan, an Egyptian security agent. He had "disappeared" along with Jabballah Hamed Matar, another leading Libyan opposition figure in Cairo.

The two men were taken to the headquarters of the Egyptian military security for further interrogation and then transferred to Abu Salim prison in Tripoli.

"Your mother may have told you how I asked the butterflies, the flowers and birds to take care of you," he wrote to them.

"I asked the wind to gently play with locks of your hair and lessen the difficulties of your life. As for the clouds, I have asked them to rain candy on you, and give you shade when it gets hot, and the sky, I asked it to gently rain love and tenderness onto you. I wrote for you songs and stories about the homeland and made it into a necklace I placed on you when you were young."

And he asked: "Do you also think of me?"

One step closer to knowing

Youcif, who began working at 16 to help support his family, has in many ways stepped into his father's shoes. Of the three sons, he bears the closest resemblance to Izzat.

He has been outspoken in denouncing Gadhafi. He has taken his family's cause to the U.N. Human Rights Council and to the British Parliament, where he broke down while speaking about his brother's seizures.

He has written to U.S. congressmen and senators.

Under international law, he tells them, forced disappearances qualify as torture for the victim and his family. He cannot understand why America won't help its own citizens who are being tortured.

Now, he has committed his strongest act to date, stepping aboard a plane that would carry him physically closer to that place that has fully occupied his heart.

Before he left, he spoke of the unbridled violence unfolding in his country. "It's literally a genocide," he said. "And we're doing nothing about it."

He contemplated the possibility that soon, he might set foot on the soil of his ancestors.

It is a land of pristine beaches and majestic mountains, of people and traditions hidden from the world under Gadhafi's black curtain.

His father, like thousands of educated Libyans, knew his country was doomed when early in his rule, Gadhafi scrapped Libya's constitution and implemented revolutionary law.

"I think the devils work for him," chimed in Youcif's brother Ahmed, who has been compiling as much information as he can about the uprising and disseminating it on Twitter, YouTube and Facebook.

"It's hard to explain how ruthless he is," Ahmed said. "It's frustrating to see what he's done and for the world to shrug it off."

Sometimes, he allows himself images in his head of his first meeting with his father. More than anything, he just wants to look at him, feel him. He wonders whether his father will be able to recognize his little boy.

But the images from Libya on television quickly remind him of Gadhafi's police state. And Ahmed returns to reality.

"What if he did pass?" he said.

What if, after all this time, the family is shattered all over again?


The disappearance of their father 20 years ago has haunted brothers Ahmed, left, and Youcif Almegaryaf.

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 25, 2011, 07:13:48 pm
The BBC's Jeremy Bowen reporting from Tripoli says the uprising is spreading

United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon has urged the global body's Security Council to take "decisive action" over the Libya crisis.

He said violations of human rights had been carried out by Muammar Gaddafi's regime, and more than 1,000 had died.

Speaking at a meeting of the Security Council in New York, Mr Ban warned of a growing refugee and food crisis.

In Libya, reports say anti-government protesters in the capital Tripoli came under heavy gunfire on Friday.

Witnesses reported deaths and injuries as militiamen and government troops confronted protesters as they emerged from mosques following Friday prayers and started demonstrating in several areas of the city.

At the same time, Libyan state TV showed Colonel Gaddafi speaking from the Tripoli's old city ramparts, urging the crowd to arm themselves and defend the nation and its oil against the anti-Gaddafi elements who have taken control of large parts of the country.

"We shall destroy any aggression with popular will," he said. "With the armed people, when necessary we will open the weapons depots. So that all the Libyan people, all the Libyan tribes can be armed. Libya will become a red flame, a burning coal."

Later, at a hastily organised news conference at the UN in New York, Libyan deputy ambassador Ibrahim Dabbashi described Col Gaddafi, who has been in power for 42 years, as a "madman". He warned that thousands would die in Tripoli because the Libyan leader would never flee and would fight to the end.
Continue reading the main story
At the scene
image of Jeremy Bowen Jeremy Bowen BBC Middle East editor, Tripoli

Outside the airport there's a sad sight. Several thousand people queuing in the darkness and rain, trying to get flights out. Some people told me they were from Syria, others appear to be from the Indian sub-continent, the kind of migrant workers upon whom this economy has been depending.

I was given a briefing by a man who said he was an engineer who has come back from Italy. The fact that he spoke to us suggests he has been given permission to do so, and he was essentially presenting the regime's position as a point of stability in a sea of chaos. The only place the "system" is operational is in the capital, he said.

There's a fair amount of traffic on the streets. There were some reports of shooting near the airport but I saw no signs of that. In some side streets I saw some road blocks, but they didn't look like military people.

Much of the east of the country is in the hands of anti-Gaddafi protesters and units of the Libyan military that have crossed over to them.

Mr Ban said 22,000 people had fled Libya via Tunisia, and a further 15,000 via Egypt.

"Much larger numbers are trapped and unable to leave," he added. "There are widespread reports of refugees being harassed and threatened with guns and knives."

He said it was important for neighbouring countries, including those in Europe, to keep their borders open to those fleeing the violence.

Mr Ban also said that there was a food crisis inside Libya that the UN World Food Programme (WFP) expected to worsen. The WFP says Libya's food supply chain is at risk of collapse because imports have not been getting into the country and food distribution is hampered by violence.

Diplomats at the UN Security Council say Britain and France have drawn up a draft resolution with a package of measures aimed at isolating Libya's political and military leaders. Elements could include targeted sanctions, an arms embargo, and a proposed referral of the situation in Libya to the International Criminal Court.

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 26, 2011, 04:59:03 am
Colonel Gaddafi's family wealth takes shelter in London

COLONEL Gaddafi secretly deposited 3 billion pounds ($4.8bn) with one of London's Mayfair private wealth managers last week as he sought to protect his family's fortunes.

The deal was brokered on his behalf by a Swiss-based intermediary who, it is understood, had previously approached another well-known City stockbroking firm five weeks ago with a view to depositing funds.

However, when that stockbroker discovered the ultimate identity of the source of the funds, it advised the intermediary to take his business elsewhere.

The chief executive of the firm told The Times: "I said no, because personally I'm not comfortable dealing with murdering tyrants with blood on their hands."

The go-between then looked for another firm to take the funds.

The news comes as the UK Treasury has stepped up efforts to trace and freeze Colonel Gaddafi's assets in Britain, which are believed to include billions of dollars in bank accounts, some commercial property and a ₤10 million ($15.9m) mansion in London.

The Treasury's Asset Tracing Unit, set up in October 2007 to implement and administer international financial sanctions, is understood to be supervising the work.

At the same time, the US government is escalating attempts to prevent the dictator from moving assets out of Libya, telling American banks to monitor closely transactions that may be linked to the crisis.

The Swiss government last night ordered Swiss banks to freeze any assets belonging to Colonel Gaddafi, issuing a comprehensive blocking order covering 29 people, including the dictator's wife and children, some of his wife's relatives and six officials of the regime.

It is believed, though, that the Gaddafi family may have moved much of their money out of Switzerland already. This follows a diplomatic row when, three years ago, the Swiss police arrested the dictator's son, Hannibal, after claims that he had beaten his servants while staying in a Geneva hotel.

The inquiry was later dropped but, in response to the original claims, Tripoli said it was removing all Libyan assets from Swiss banks.

The chief executive of the stockbroking firm that was initially asked to take the money told The Times that he was approached by a Swiss intermediary who said that he wanted to invest ₤3bn on behalf of a Libyan family.

"It was all very odd - almost like they had looked us up in the Yellow Pages," he said. "I think the Swiss intermediary was perfectly legitimate. You have to remember that, five weeks ago, dealing with Libya was legitimate.

"But there's been loads of this - we understand Gaddafi has about ten billion in the City," he added.

He said the intermediary had indicated that the money was to have been used to buy stocks in London. London-based stockbrokers and investment managers have noted a surge of money emerging from North Africa and the Middle East during the past month.

Lawyers told The Times that the Mayfair money manager would not have had to apply to the Financial Services Authority, the City watchdog, for clearance under anti-money laundering regulations.

They explained that when information on deposits of this size is filed with regulators, the Swiss intermediary - not Colonel Gaddafi - would have been registered as the client.

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 26, 2011, 05:08:33 am
Image of Underground Prison in Benghazi


Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 26, 2011, 09:54:41 am
Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release February 25, 2011
- - - - - - -
By the authority vested in me as President by the
Constitution and the laws of the United States of America,
including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act
(50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act
(50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) (NEA), and section 301 of title 3,
United States Code,

I, BARACK OBAMA, President of the United States of America,
find that Colonel Muammar Qadhafi, his government, and close
associates have taken extreme measures against the people of
Libya, including by using weapons of war, mercenaries, and
wanton violence against unarmed civilians. I further find
that there is a serious risk that Libyan state assets will be
misappropriated by Qadhafi, members of his government, members
of his family, or his close associates if those assets are not
protected. The foregoing circumstances, the prolonged attacks,
and the increased numbers of Libyans seeking refuge in other
countries from the attacks, have caused a deterioration in the
security of Libya and pose a serious risk to its stability,
thereby constituting an unusual and extraordinary threat to the
national security and foreign policy of the United States, and
I hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat.
I hereby order:
Section 1. All property and interests in property
that are in the United States, that hereafter come within
the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the
possession or control of any United States person, including
any overseas branch, of the following persons are blocked and
may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise
dealt in:
(a) the persons listed in the Annex to this order; and
(b) any person determined by the Secretary of the
Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State:
(i) to be a senior official of the Government
of Libya;
(ii) to be a child of Colonel Muammar Qadhafi;
(iii) to be responsible for or complicit in, or
responsible for ordering, controlling, or otherwise
directing, or to have participated in, the commission
of human rights abuses related to political repression
in Libya;
(iv) to have materially assisted, sponsored, or
provided financial, material, logistical, or technical
support for, or goods or services in support of the
activities described in subsection (b)(iii) of this
section or any person whose property and interests in
property are blocked pursuant to this order;
(v) to be owned or controlled by, or to have acted
or purported to act for or on behalf of, any person
whose property and interests in property are blocked
pursuant to this order; or
(vi) to be a spouse or dependent child of any person
whose property and interests in property are blocked
pursuant to this order.
Sec. 2. All property and interests in property that are in
the United States, that hereafter come within the United States,
or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control
of any United States person, including any overseas branch, of
the Government of Libya, its agencies, instrumentalities, and
controlled entities, and the Central Bank of Libya, are blocked
and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or
otherwise dealt in.
Sec. 3. For those persons whose property and interests
in property are blocked pursuant to this order who might have
a constitutional presence in the United States, I find that
because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets
instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to
be taken pursuant to this order would render those measures
ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to
be effective in addressing the national emergency declared in
this order, there need be no prior notice of a listing or
determination made pursuant to section 1 of this order.
Sec. 4. I hereby determine that, to the extent
section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) may apply, the
making of donations of the type of articles specified in such
section by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property
and interests in property are blocked pursuant to sections 1
and 2 of this order would seriously impair my ability to deal
with the national emergency declared in this order, and I hereby
prohibit such donations as provided by sections 1 and 2 of this
Sec. 5. The prohibitions in sections 1 and 2 of this order
include but are not limited to:
(a) the making of any contribution or provision of funds,
goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person
whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to
this order; and
(b) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds,
goods, or services from any such person.
Sec. 6. The prohibitions in sections 1 and 2 of this
order apply except to the extent provided by statutes, or in
regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued
pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered
into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective
date of this order.
Sec. 7. (a) Any transaction by a United States person or
within the United States that evades or avoids, has the purpose
of evading or avoiding, causes a violation of, or attempts to
violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is
(b) Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the
prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.
Sec. 8. Nothing in this order shall prohibit
transactions for the conduct of the official business of
the Federal Government by employees, grantees, or contractors
Sec. 9. For the purposes of this order:
(a) the term "person" means an individual or entity;
(b) the term "entity" means a partnership, association,
trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other
organization; and
(c) the term "United States person" means any
United States citizen or national, permanent resident alien,
entity organized under the laws of the United States or any
jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign
branches), or any person in the United States.
Sec. 10. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation
with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such
actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations,
and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA
as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this order.
The Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these
functions to other officers and agencies of the United States
Government consistent with applicable law. All agencies of the
United States Government are hereby directed to take all
appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the
provisions of this order.
Sec. 11. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation
with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to determine
that circumstances no longer warrant the blocking of the
property and interests in property of a person listed in the
Annex to this order, and to take necessary action to give effect
to that determination.
Sec. 12. The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation
with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to submit
the recurring and final reports to the Congress on the national
emergency declared in this order, consistent with section 401(c)
of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1641(c)) and section 204(c) of IEEPA
(50 U.S.C. 1703(c)).
Sec. 13. This order is not intended to, and does not,
create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural,
enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the
United States, its departments, agencies, or entities,
its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
Sec. 14. This order is effective at 8:00 p.m. eastern
standard time on February 25, 2011.
February 25, 2011.
1. Ayesha QADHAFI [lieutenant General in the Libyan Army, born circa 1976 or 1977]
2. Khamis QADHAFI [born 1980]
3. Muammar QADHAFI [Head of State of Libya, born 1942]
4. Mutassim QADHAFI [National Security Advisor and Lieutenant Colonel in the
Libyan Army, born circa 1975]
5. Saif Al-Islam QADHAFI [born June 5, 1972]
# # #

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 26, 2011, 11:34:28 am
Gaddafis' hidden billions: Dubai banks, plush London pads and Italian water

Libya's oil wealth has been siphoned out of the country by a powerful elite – including Gaddafi and his nine children


An oil well in Shahara, Libya, 2004. Libya is Africa's fourth-largest oil producer, but analysts say much of the wealth from its reserves has been stolen. Photograph: Benjamin Lowy/Corbis

The Gaddafi family could have billions of dollars of funds hidden in secret bank accounts in Dubai, south-east Asia and the Persian Gulf, much of it likely to have come from Libya's vast oil revenues, according to analysis by leading Middle East experts.

Professor Tim Niblock, a specialist in Middle Eastern politics at the University of Exeter, has identified a gap of several billion dollars a year between the amount Libya makes from its oil reserves and government spending – a shortfall he expects has contributed greatly to the wealth of Muammar Gaddafi and his nine children.

"It is very, very difficult to work out with any degree of certainty just how much they have because the ruling elite hides it in all sorts of places," said Niblock, who is also vice president of the British Society for Middle Eastern Studies (BRISMES). "But at the very least it would be several billion dollars, in whatever form and it could potentially be a lot higher although I wouldn't want to predict just how much it might be."

Alistair Newton, senior political analyst at Nomura, the Japanese bank and president of BRISMES, agreed that it was difficult to establish the extent of the Gaddafis' wealth but said he "would be surprised if it didn't run into billions".

Where the Gaddafis have hidden their vast funds is anybody's guess, although Niblock expects that most of it is "in bank accounts and liquid assets in Dubai, the Gulf and south-east Asia" rather than in relatively transparent countries such as the UK, where the Libyan state has invested in London properties and in companies such as Pearson Group, owner of the Financial Times.

In addition to squirrelling away much of their income, the Gaddafis have spent fortunes over the years propping up various African regimes, with Zimbabwe's president, Robert Mugabe, widely acknowledged to be one of the recipients, Niblock said.

In the 1990s Gaddafi is thought to have given money to the Zaghawan tribe in Darfur, "and I suspect some of them are among the African mercenaries fighting the civilians in Libya", Niblock added.

Libya's breakneck growth has enabled the country to build up myriad investments overseas. In addition to the Gaddafis' private holdings, the state is thought to have invested close to £61.8bn in assets across the globe.

Their investments in the UK include an eight-bedroom home in Hampstead, north London, with a swimming pool and suede-lined cinema room. Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, the Libyan leader's second son, bought it in 2009 for £10m.

Most of the state's investments are made by the Libyan Investment Authority (LIA), a "sovereign wealth fund" set up in 2006 to spend the country's oil money, which has an estimated $70bn of assets. LIA bought 3% of Pearson last year for £224m, making it one of the group's biggest shareholders, and had a 0.02% stake in RBS, although this was recently sold.

Its UK property investments include Portman House, a 146,550 sq ft retail complex in Oxford Street, London, which houses retailers such as Boots and New Look, and an office at 14 Cornhill, opposite the Bank of England in the City.

Aside from the Hampstead home, which is not primarily an investment, the only two direct investment projects that the Gaddafi family are known to be involved with both involve water.

In 2009, when Silvio Berlusconi hosted the summit of G8 leading economies, he invited the Libyan leader as a special guest. Speeding towards the earthquake-stricken city of L'Aquila, which Berlusconi had chosen as the venue, Gaddafi's motor cavalcade stopped in a remote town by a river at the bottom of a deep gorge.

Not many people find their way to Antrodoco, let alone a "Brotherly Leader and Guide of the Revolution". Such was the welcome he received that shortly afterwards a Libyan delegation returned to the town to announce that the colonel wanted to plough money into it.

Agreement was reached on a complex involving a luxury spa hotel and water bottling plant. Last September, Antrodocoís mayor, Maurizio Faina, said the €15m (£12.7m) scheme was "firming up".

Whether it survives the current turmoil in Libya, however, remains to be seen. A similar question mark hangs over the established, if struggling, spa town of Fiuggi, south of Rome where pope Boniface VIII, among others, took the waters. In January, the Corriere della Sera reported that Gaddafi's family had formalised a proposal to sink €250m (£211m) into a conference centre with an airstrip and a complex that, once again, involved a spa and a water bottling plant.

The paper said the deal was being brokered, not through Libyan channels, but by the Italo-Iraqi chamber of commerce. Fiuggi's mayor, along with his counterpart from Antrodoco, was a guest at a party thrown by Silvio Berlusconi in honour of the Libyan leader when he visited Rome last September.

Gaddafi and Berlusconi have a famously warm personal relationship. Less well-known, however, is the fact that Berlusconi is in business with one of the Libyan state's investment vehicles.

In June 2009, a Dutch-registered firm controlled by the Libyan Arab Foreign Investment Company, took a 10% stake in Quinta Communications, a Paris-based film production and distribution company. Quinta Communications was founded back in 1990 by Berlusconi in partnership with Tarak Ben Ammar, the nephew of the late Tunisian leader, Habib Bourguiba.

The Italian prime minister has a 22% interest in the company through a Luxembourg-registered subsidiary of Fininvest, the firm at the heart of his sprawling business empire. Last September, the Libyans put a director on the board of Quinta Communications to sit alongside Berlusconiís representatives.

Libyan investors already hold significant interests in several strategic Italian enterprises. They reportedly own around one per cent of Italy's biggest oil company, Eni; the LIA has an acknowledged 2% interest in the aerospace and defence group, Finmeccanica; Lafico is thought to retain more than 2% of Fiat and almost 15% of a quoted telecommunications company, Retelit.

The Libyans also own 22% of the capital of a textile firm, Olcese. Perhaps their best-known investment is a 7.5% stake in the Serie A side Juventus. But undoubtedly the most controversial is another 7.5 per cent interest in Italyís largest bank, Unicredit.

Last September, the bank's chief executive, Alessandro Profumo, walked out after a row over his willingness to let the Libyans build up that stake. The Northern League, Berlusconi's key allies in Italy's rightwing government, was known to be particularly queasy about the emergence of such a powerful Libyan presence.

Experts say if Gaddafi is overthrown, the investments made by Libya's state funds would probably be unaffected, since a new government would have more pressing matters to attend to, and any sudden movements could damage their reputation.

However, it is thought more likely that a new regime in Libya could look to freeze the assets of the Gaddafi family, as the new government in Egypt did with the assets of deposed Hosni Mubarak and his family. Since most of these are held in liquid form – and in country's outside Europe and the US – this would have no significant ramifications for business, they argue.
UK interests

About 150 British companies have established a presence in Libya since the US and Europe lifted economic sanctions in 2004, after the country renounced terrorism, ceased its nuclear weapons programme and handed over two suspects in the Lockerbie bombing case.

The most high profile have been the oil companies, keen to tap Libya's vast reserves of fossil fuels. In a deal brokered in 2007 by Tony Blair, BP signed a £560m exploration agreement allowing it to search for oil and gas, offshore and onshore, in a joint venture with the Libya Investment Corporation. Shell is also exploring for oil in Libya as western companies seek to capitalise on a country with the largest oil reserves in Africa and substantial supplies of gas.

High street retailers such as Marks & Spencer, Next, Monsoon and Accessorize have also set up in the country to serve the growing middle-class population, as oil revenues have "trickled down" into the broader Libyan population.

Companies such as AMEC, an engineering firm, and Biwater, a waste treatment company, have supplied services to Libya, which is using its oil revenues to reshape the country through an infrastructure spending spree that will cost about £310bn over the next decade.

British exports to Libya have soared to about £930m in recent years, while the business momentum in post-sanctions Libya is so great that the economy managed to grow by about 5% last year, while much of the rest of the world struggled.

Many British and foreign companies – including M&S, BP and Shell – are evacuating staff from Libya and it could be some time before they return. Tom Bawden

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 26, 2011, 06:03:26 pm
Report: Gaddafi's personal nurse to return to Ukraine
26.02.2011 23:13

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 26, 2011, 06:15:45 pm

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 26, 2011, 06:51:36 pm

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 27, 2011, 10:29:37 am

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 27, 2011, 11:18:41 am

Libya lacks means to use chemical arms: watchdog

Libya retains 9.5 tonnes of deadly mustard gas but no longer has weapons to deliver it, a watchdog agency said on Sunday, amid international concern that embattled leader Muammar Gaddafi might resort to its use.

Michael Luhan, spokesman for the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), told Reuters the chemicals were under the army's control but were stored in a remote location far from the capital Tripoli, Gaddafi's main bastion.

"As far as we have been able to verify, and we have no information that indicates anything to the contrary, Libya destroyed the entire stockpile of its chemical weapons munitions

-- a cache of several thousand aerial bombs that are designed for chemicals -- in early 2004, seven years ago," he said by telephone from the OPCW's base in The Hague. Luhan declined to say where the mustard gas was located but added: "It's nowhere near Tripoli, let's put it that way."

"It's kept in a location which is only for that purpose. It's a depot guarded by the military."

Peter Flory, then U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Policy, told Congress in April 2006 that Libyan chemical weapons and materials were stored in a remote location in the desert, about 600 km (375 miles) from Tripoli.


Government forces confronting nearly two weeks of anti-Gaddafi protests have carried out a violent crackdown against demonstrators. The death toll from the violence is estimated by diplomats at about 2,000.

The U.N. Security Council called for the crackdown to be referred to the International Criminal Court for investigation and possible prosecution of anyone responsible for killing civilians.

There have been fears that Gaddafi, who has said he will fight to the death, could use chemical weapons in a last ditch attempt to cling to power. British Foreign Secretary William Hague said on Sunday Libya appeared to have stocks of mustard gas, although it was not clear what condition they were in.

The OPCW, which enforces a global chemical weapons ban, says it has monitored Libya's destruction of more than 3,300 bomb casings designed to carry chemical agents since 2004.

Libya announced in December 2003 it would abandon any efforts to acquire nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, in an effort to mend ties with the West, after agreeing to pay damages for the 1988 Pan Am plane bombing over Lockerbie, Scotland.

Libya joined OPCW in 2004 and committed itself to destroying all its chemical weapons and the capacity to produce them by April 29, 2007.

Disputes ensued between Tripoli and Washington over funding for the internationally-financed program and in 2007 Libya informed the United States it planned to back out of its promise to destroy its mustard gas stocks.

The OPCW later granted Libya an extension until May 2011 to destroy the rest of its mustard gas stocks.

The OPCW is the implementing body of the 1997 Chemical Weapons Convention, which has been ratified by 188 countries and bans many varieties of mass-destruction chemical arms.

(Reporting by William Maclean, Editing by Sonya Hepinstall)

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 27, 2011, 01:31:26 pm
Chemical weapons seized by the Revolution youth from Hamza battalion in Misurata

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 27, 2011, 05:14:50 pm
Clinton: U.S. ready to help Libyan opposition
Also warns other nations not to allow mercenaries to come to aid of Qaddafi
 Last Updated 4:50 pm ET

The Obama administration stands ready to offer "any type of assistance" to Libyans seeking to oust Muammar Qaddafi, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Sunday, adding a warning to other African nations not to let mercenaries go to the aid of the long-time dictator.

Clinton echoed President Barack Obama's demand for Qaddafi to relinquish power.

"We want him to leave," she told reporters traveling with her Sunday to a U.N. meeting on Libya planned for Monday. "We want him to end his regime and call off the mercenaries and forces loyal to him.

"How he manages that is up to him."

Clinton made no mention of any U.S. military assistance in her remarks to reporters before flying to Geneva for talks with diplomats from Russia, the European Union and other powers eager to present a united anti-Qaddafi front.

CBS News national security correspondent David Martin reports that the Navy has moved several ships - including the aircraft carrier Enterprise and the amphibious assault ship Kearsarge - into the Red Sea in preparation for sending them through the Suez Canal and into the Mediterranean, depending on what (if any) military options are approved. As of now, no U.S. military action is ordered.

Clinton spoke to reporters one day after Mr. Obama branded Qaddafi an illegitimate ruler who must leave power immediately.

The U.N. Security Council announced new penalties against the Qaddafi government, in power since 1969 in the oil-rich nation along Africa's Mediterranean Coast.

"We've been reaching out to many different Libyans who are attempting to organize in the east," the Secretary of State said of efforts to form a provisional government in the eastern part of the country where the rebellion began at midmonth.

She added, "We are ready and prepared to offer any type of assistance."

The U.S., she said, is threatening more measures against Qaddafi's government, but did not say what they were or when they might be announced.

Addressing the rulers of unnamed neighboring countries, she said, "You must stop mercenaries and those going to Libya to commit violence and other criminal acts."

The African fighters that Qaddafi is allegedly using against protesters come from several nations.

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 28, 2011, 06:38:26 am

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 28, 2011, 06:51:13 am

Libyan leader cut a flamboyant, eccentric figure


Moammar Gadhafi was many things over many years: a dashing icon of Libyan revolution, a brazen patron of terrorists, the custodian of vast oil wealth, a dictator whose flamboyance masked grit and guile, and a longtime pariah on the road to rehabilitation in the West.

From his cadre of female bodyguards to his penchant for pitching a tent on foreign visits, he was an object of fascination, ridicule and revulsion.

Now, in perhaps his final reinvention, Gadhafi is an apocalyptic figure, the dispenser of terrible bloodshed who seeks to keep power four decades after he ousted King Idris in a coup when he was an army captain.

In sending warplanes and helicopters against protesters, and in threatening to turn Libya into "hell," Gadhafi has spurned even the facade of legitimate leadership amid a widening revolt that seems close to toppling him. Yet he does not appear aware of that, or to care, thereby subjecting the fate of Libya's 6 million people to the foibles of one man's narcissism.

Once known as "Brother Leader of the Revolution," Gadhafi again stands at an intersection of brutality and buffoonery.

The man lampooned for his eccentricities is the same one who funded Italy's Red Brigades and the Irish Republican Army, and whose regime was implicated in the bombings of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, and a French airliner over the Niger desert in the late 1980s.

Some examples of Gadhafi's eccentricities:

_ He has shown a penchant for conducting state business in tents, pitching them in Moscow, Paris and Rome, among other locales. For a September 2009 visit to New York to give a speech at the United Nations, he tried and failed to make camp in Manhattan's Central Park and Englewood, New Jersey. The white cloth tent, lined with a tapestry featuring camels and palms, later appeared in Bedford, New York, in a courtyard of a stone manor house on property owned by real estate magnate Donald Trump, who hinted that he had been tricked into renting his land. Politicians eventually declared Gadhafi unwelcome, and Bedford issued a stop-work order.

_ Gadhafi's personal bodyguards, known as the Amazonian guard, consisted of young women said to be martial arts experts. They often carried machine guns and sometimes wore military-style uniforms with matching camouflaged headscarves. In 2006, Nigerian authorities stopped dozens of Gadhafi's bodyguards, including members of the female corps, from entering Abuja, the capital, with weapons in a dispute that lasted hours and saw the exasperated Libyan leader storm away from the airport on foot before a compromise was reached.

_ Dapper and handsome in his youth, he cultivated an increasingly flamboyant appearance over the years, donning garish military uniforms with braids and huge, fringed epaulettes or flowing, colorful Bedouin robes and clothing with African patterns, along with sunglasses and fly whisks. His hair grew scruffy and he sported a goatee and scraggly mustache. In his first televised appearance after protests broke out in Libya, he appeared with an umbrella and a kind of hunter's cap with flaps over the ears.

_ In a 2009 speech at the United Nations, he rambled about jet lag, the assassination of U.S. President Kennedy and a proposal that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict be settled by creating one country called "Isratine," where the two peoples live together. He also tore up a copy of the U.N. charter in front of the delegates, criticizing the Security Council as a form of global feudalism. "It should be called the 'terrorism council,'" he said. On Saturday, the Security Council imposed sanctions on Gadhafi, his children and top associates to try to stop his attacks on the opposition.

_ During two recent visits by Gadhafi to Rome, some 200 young women recruited by a modeling agency were dispatched to listen to him deliver a lesson on Islam, complete with free copies of the Quran. Participants said that at the 2009 session, the women were paid 50 euros (about $68) apiece, with some turned down because they weren't dressed properly. At the most recent session in August, three women converted on the spot.

_ A 2009 U.S. diplomatic cable released by the website WikiLeaks cites Gadhafi's heavy reliance on a Ukrainian nurse _ described as a "voluptuous blonde" _ and his intense dislike of staying on upper floors of buildings, aversion to flying over water and a taste for horse racing and flamenco dancing. On Saturday, Ukraine's Segodnya daily newspaper reported that the nurse, 38-year-old Halyna Kolotnytska, was planning to flee the violence in Libya and return home.

The cable said that while "tempting to dismiss his many eccentricities as signs of instability," Gadhafi was "a complicated individual" who has stayed in power "through a skillful balancing of interests and realpolitik methods."

Gadhafi suffers "the sense of mission and the sense of personal power that someone has when they've been at the top for a very long time with few people, if anybody, seriously contradicting them," said Richard Dalton, a former British ambassador to Libya and Iran. He said the Libyan has the classic delusion of absolute rulers who believe, even as citizens abandon them, that the people are at fault.

"He may do something that one calls crazy, but it flows from the internal history and logic of the personality and his experiences," Dalton said.

Born in a Bedouin tent, Gadhafi has known power for virtually his entire adult life. Cuba's Fidel Castro and North Korea's Kim Il Sung are among the few leaders to have held it longer. He took control of Libya in 1969, just weeks after astronauts landed on the moon. U.S. President Richard Nixon was in office, and so was Egypt's Gamal Abdel Nasser, whose pan-Arab nationalism inspired the young Libyan.

"Libya is leading the continents, even Europe," he said last week in one of several diatribes. "No one knew Libya before Gadhafi."

Black-and-white film of Gadhafi in his early years at Libya's helm gives a hint of the enigma he would become. The slender officer sits at a desk, awkwardly holding pen to paper, while answering an interviewer's questions in halting English. He smiles often, but it is hard to tell whether it is from shyness, irreverence or even bewilderment at being propelled to such heights in his mid-20s.

A maverick to the last, Gadhafi is devising an endgame different from the narratives unfolding elsewhere in the Middle East and North Africa, where autocrats have fumbled for a formula to resist or defuse protests whose calls for change splintered a decaying order.

All tried force, but unlike Gadhafi, they did not have the means or will to declare war on their own citizens. Tunisia's president fled, Egypt's president resigned under pressure, Bahrain's king seeks to negotiate, and support for Yemen's leader is eroding.

Other besieged leaders in retreat developed the same skewed sense of infallibility, but their institutions and sense of accountability, however flimsy, exercised some restraint. Gadhafi, by contrast, built authority on family and tribal loyalty, buttressed by personal militias while undercutting his own military in case it might challenge him.

"He believes in his world. He thinks of himself: 'I am much higher than presidents, than kings,'" said Mustafa Abushagur, a Libyan who is president of the Dubai campus of the Rochester Institute of Technology. For 40 years, Abushagur said, Gadhafi's acolytes have told him: "You are the greatest."

This personality cult in the desert degraded the traditional idea of a nation state in Libya, which as a former Italian colony was already a shaky patchwork of territory. The country had no constitution, but officially followed Gadhafi's "Green Book," a treatise that condemns parliaments, plebiscites and other features of Western-style democracy.

In Gadhafi's view, "direct democracy" stemmed from so-called people's committees, though his meandering socialist and Islamic rhetoric did little to hide the fact that he alone was in charge. He was also a self-styled and mostly unsuccessful champion of Arab and African solidarity, and his denunciations of Israel and imperialism resonated in developing countries and radical circles around the world.

Journalist Paul Barker described attending a 1970s conference in Tripoli.

The Libyan leader was "a film star of the revolution. He was bright and slim in a safari suit," Barker wrote in the London Times. "He was like the lead in 'The Desert Song.' The fraternal delegates clustered round him like autograph-hunters. Libya had money to spend, after all, on all kinds of activities."

With celebrity status came callousness. In 1989, during one of Libya's periodic anti-Italian demonstrations, an Italian worker was shot and set on fire by a mob. Italian TV interviewed Gadhafi as he sat in a black leather jacket inside a tent. He said through an interpreter that he had not heard about the slaying, but added: "I hope he had life insurance."

Libya's oil wealth was fuel for his follies, and he dispatched troops in an ill-fated attempt to prop up Ugandan dictator Idi Amin, later a guest in exile. U.S. President Ronald Reagan dubbed him the "mad dog of the Middle East" and U.S. airstrikes targeted Gadhafi in 1986 after a bombing at a Berlin disco that killed three people, including two American soldiers.

The Lockerbie bombing led to international sanctions against Libya, which began to emerge from isolation when it renounced terrorism and weapons of mass destruction and agreed to pay compensation in terrorist attacks. Western leaders courted energy-rich Libya, despite some unsavory moments.

He sponsored an annual human rights award in his name. Recipients included Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad of Malaysia, both accused by critics of curbing civil liberties.

Gadhafi last week delivered a defiant speech near a sculpture of a golden fist crushing a U.S. fighter jet.


Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 28, 2011, 10:39:09 am
U.S. repositioning forces around Libya: Pentagon

The U.S. military is repositioning naval and air forces around Libya, a Pentagon official said on Monday, as international demands intensify for an end to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's decades-long rule.

"We have planners working and various contingency plans and I think it's safe to say as part of that we're repositioning forces to be able to provide for that flexibility once decisions are made ... to be able to provide options and flexibility," said Colonel David Lapan, a Pentagon spokesman.

(Reporting by Missy Ryan; Editing by Jackie Frank)



Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 28, 2011, 06:06:12 pm

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 28, 2011, 06:13:33 pm
US moves warships closer to Libya, freezes assets

28 Feb 2011 22:04

By Missy Ryan and Ross Colvin

WASHINGTON, Feb 28 (Reuters) - The United States began moving warships and aircraft closer to Libya on Monday and froze $30 billion in Libyan assets, ramping up pressure on leader Muammar Gaddafi after calling on him to step aside.

Gaddafi is "slaughtering his own people," unfit to lead and "disconnected from reality," the U.S. envoy to the United Nations, Susan Rice, said at the White House in the hardest-hitting U.S. denunciation yet of the Libyan leader.

News of the military preparations and the tougher U.S. rhetoric follow days of criticism of the Obama administration by Republican lawmakers, conservative commentators and others for its initially cautious response to the turmoil in Libya.

The administration has defended its response, saying it had been reluctant to take any steps that could endanger U.S. citizens in the North African country. Washington imposed sanctions on Libya on Friday just hours after a plane carrying some of the last Americans flew out of the capital Tripoli.

In addition to repositioning military units and freezing Gaddafi's assets, Washington was also working with allies on imposing a possible "no-fly" zone over the country.

Rice said the United States was waiting to see how the Libyan opposition, which has seized large swaths of the oil-producing country, would coalesce. It is premature to talk about military assistance to them, she said.

The repositioned U.S. ships could be used for humanitarian and rescue missions, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said in Geneva, where she told the U.N. Human Rights Council it was "time for Gaddafi to go -- now."

"There is not any pending military action involving U.S. naval vessels," she said after the Pentagon announced it was moving warships and air force units closer to Libya. [ID:nN28249773]

U.S. oil prices, which have risen due to the turmoil in Libya and unrest elsewhere in the region, did not respond to the news, trading down 80 cents at $97 a barrel.


"We are moving ships closer to Libya in case they are needed," said Colonel David Lapan, a Pentagon spokesman. Aircraft were also being moved nearer, he said.

The Obama administration has said military action is one option it is looking at, although many analysts say the United States is highly unlikely to launch a ground invasion or air strikes because of the volatile situation on the ground.

The Pentagon gave no details of the forces being moved but its announcement was likely aimed at sending a signal to Gaddafi and his government that the United States was matching its sharper rhetoric of recent days with action.

It was not immediately clear what ships the U.S. Navy has in the Mediterranean but it does have two aircraft carriers further southeast in the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea.

The United States has a major base in Naples, Italy, home to its Mediterranean headquarters, as well as in Rota, Spain.

U.S. planes bombed Libya in 1986, killing more than 40 people including Gaddafi's adopted baby daughter, in response to a Berlin bombing blamed on Libya that killed three people in a Berlin disco used by U.S. servicemen.

U.S. authorities are also putting the financial squeeze on Gaddafi to pressure him to go.

President Barack Obama signed an executive order freezing Libyan assets on Friday. A U.S. Treasury Department official said on Monday that about $30 billion of Libyan assets in the United States have been blocked from access by Gaddafi and his family. [ID:nN28272337]

David Cohen, acting Treasury under secretary for terrorism and financial intelligence, said the sum was the largest ever blocked.

Rice said the United States was talking to NATO allies about military options but so far the focus had been on contingency planning.

One option on the table is the no-fly zone, White House spokesman Jay Carney said.

A no-fly zone would stop Gaddafi using warplanes or helicopters to attack rebels who have seized large parts of the country, although it is far from clear how big a role the Libyan air force has played in the crisis so far.

Military aircraft circled a town in rebel-held eastern Libya on Monday, a security official said, adding that an earlier report they bombed an arms dump was incorrect. [ID:nLDE71R2HV] (Additional reporting by Jeff Mason, Steve Holland, Glenn Somerville, Matt Spetalnick and Alister Bull in Washington, Andrew Quinn in Geneva and Peter Apps in London; writing by Ross Colvin; editing by Mohammad Zargham)

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 28, 2011, 06:17:05 pm

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 28, 2011, 06:27:50 pm
Point of Contact:
Chairperson: Colonel Muammar al-Gaddafi,
Libya African Union Headquarters P.O. Box 3243 Addis Ababa Ethiopia
Tel: (251) 11 551 77 00 Fax: (251) 11 551 78 44


Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on February 28, 2011, 06:41:03 pm

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on March 01, 2011, 06:36:56 am
Forces loyal to Muammar Gadaffi, the Libyan leader, are battling rebels in control of cities both close to the capital, Tripoli, and far away from it.

Reports said on Monday that fighter jets bombed an ammunition depot in the eastern city of Ajdabiya, while a resident of Az Zawiyah, 50km west of Tripoli, told the Associated Press news agency by telephone that fighting started on Monday evening and intensified after sundown when troops loyal to Gaddafi attacked the city from the west and east.

"We were able to repulse the attack. We damaged a tank with an RPG. The mercenaries fled after that," said the resident of Az Zawiyah, who spoke on condition of anonymity for fear of government reprisals.

He said Gaddafi called the city's influential tribal leader, Mohammed al-Maktouf, and warned him that if the rebels did not leave the main square by early Tuesday, they would be hit by fighter jets.

"We are expecting a major battle," the resident said, adding that the rebels killed eight soldiers and mercenaries on Monday.
Read more of our Libya coverage

Another resident of Az Zawiyah said he heard gunfire well into the night on the outskirts of town.

AP said its reporter saw a large, pro-Gaddafi force massed on the western edge of Az Zawiyah.

There were also about a dozen armoured vehicles along with tanks and jeeps mounted with anti-aircraft guns.

An officer said the troops were from the elite Khamis Brigade, named after one of Gaddafi's sons who commands it and said by US diplomats to be the best-equipped force in Libya.

The fighting came amid mounting international pressure on Gaddafi - already under sanctions over his handling of the turmoil - to end a crackdown on opponents pushing for his ouster.

Gaddafi, in power since 1969, remains defiant and has scoffed at calls to step down, saying foreign powers, including al-Qaeda and drug addicts, were behind the unrest.

The US, meanwhile, said it was moving warships and air forces closer to Libya and France said it would fly aid to the opposition-controlled eastern half of the country.

But Abdel Fattah Younes, Libya's former interior minister who has defected to the opposition, told Al Jazeera that welcoming "foreign troops" was "out of the question" although "touching down in Libya is acceptable only in the case of emergency".

"For example if any pilot was forced to eject, he will be hosted and protected by us," he said.

Humanitarian concerns

With government forces and rebels clashing in different parts of Libya, the security situation in and around Tripoli has made it too dangerous for international aid agencies to assess the need for medicine, food and other supplies there, according to the UN.

"The major concerns are Tripoli and the west where access is extremely difficult because of the security situation," Valerie Amos, the UN humanitarian chief, told Al Jazeera on Monday.

"There are reports that between 600 and 2,000 people have already been killed in Tripoli. We don't know the absolute accurate number because we haven't got people there who are able to do assessments ... we've seen some horrific pictures of what is happening and we really want to be able to go in to help people in the time of need."

Gaddafi insists in TV interview that his people 'love him', while UN says 40,000 people have fled to Tunisia

Amos also called on countries neighbouring Libya to keep their borders open so refugees can continue to flee.

As of Monday morning, an estimated 61,000 had fled into Egypt, 1,000 to Niger and 40,000 to Tunisia, according to the UN, which said there was concern about water and sanitation for the refugees.

Libya also borders Algeria, Niger, Chad and Sudan.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has also called for immediate and safe access to western Libya.

ICRC teams entered the eastern side of the country including the country's second city Benghazi over the weekend, and are now supporting local doctors with medical care. Two thousand people were wounded there, according to the agency.

A similar ICRC team including surgeons and supplies was waiting on the western border in Tunisia.

"Right now, the situation is far too unstable and insecure to enable much-needed help to enter western parts of the country," Yves Daccord, the ICRC director-general, said.

"Health and aid workers must be allowed to do their jobs safely. Patients must not be attacked, and ambulances and hospitals must not be misused. It's a matter of life and death."

Thousands of foreigners have been evacuated from Libya since the unrest began on February 17, with ships and aircraft sent by countries including China  India, the US, Turkey and many other European countries.

Anti-government protests started in the country's second-largest city of Benghazi, which is now in the hands of the protesters, and have since spread to the west of the country.

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on March 01, 2011, 06:48:00 am

"She's called Aziza Ibrahim, a former bodyguard of Muammar al Gaddafi.
Left him 17 years ago. An ex-raheba tawriya, a revolutionist nun, as Gaddafi calls them (cause they were not allowed to marry, per his orders). In addition to that, the lady bodyguards had to have strong/hard personalities so as to leave their families and everything behind them.

Aziza says she didn't kill anyone, but tells that there was this lady who once shot a guy (an army man, Gaddafi's relative) who happened to raise his voice in front of/at Gaddafi. Just like that, in front of the audience.

Aziza had left Lebanon and traveled to Libya in 1982, where she met Gaddafi's folks and was "scouted" to become one of his bodyguards. The process of choosing the bodyguards is done with utmost care. Those with higher rank are usually dark-skinned and the rest ten are like Aziza [TN: probably meaning that while the first group are the read deal, the latter group is chosen based on their looks].

One day al Lejan al Sha3biya [TN: 'Gaddafi's execution squads'] accompanied Aziza and a group of other bodyguards and students to at attend speech event by Gaddafi. There they witnessed the hangings of four students (among them was a student of law, caught just because he'd called someone in Irak). She also says that one of the individuals that was hung did not die immediately so they pulled on him to further hang him... all the while she stood there with her hands crossed in silence.

Then, at 2AM Aziza et co. were taken to al Madena al Riyadhiya, to a closed stadium/building to witness the execution of 17 students with live bullets. Screaming was forbidden, only supportive cheers and shouts like 'Traitors!' allowed. One of the students wasn't even the "traitor" but his cousin, but because the 'traitor' had managed to flee, they'd taken him instead.

Aziza concluded that were she still his bodyguard, she'd have killed him herself."

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on March 01, 2011, 07:05:14 am
Gaddafi Invites Hunderds of "Attractive" Women to a "Party"

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on March 01, 2011, 07:17:23 am

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on March 01, 2011, 07:32:13 am

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on March 01, 2011, 07:33:59 am

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on March 01, 2011, 07:45:51 am
أكثر من رأي - الزعيم القذافي والأوضاع الراهنة في المنطقة

Leader Gaddafi,(in 2007 ) the current situation in the region

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on March 01, 2011, 12:45:58 pm

Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on March 01, 2011, 05:48:12 pm
March 01, 2011
Gaddafi Released 110 al-Qaeda Members

Yeah that's right. Including the brother of Top al-Qaeda scumbag Abu Yahya al-Liby. Yahya....

Anyway the story mentions that he fled Libya but closer reading show that we before his current release.

    The Guardian: The last 110 members of the LIFG were freed on 16 February, the day after the Libyan uprising began. One of those released, Abdulwahab Mohammed Kayed, is the brother of Abu Yahya Al Libi, one of al Qaida's top propagandists. Koumi fled Libya and is said to have ended up in Afghanistan working for Bin Laden. Captured in Pakistan, he was handed over to the US and sent to Guantánamo Bay in 2002. In 2009 he was sent back to Libya. US counter-terrorist experts have expressed concern that al-Qaida could take advantage of a political vacuum if Gaddafi is overthrown. But most analysts say that, although the Islamists' ideology has strong resonance in eastern Libya, there is no sign that the protests are going to be hijacked by them.

    Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb, Bin Laden's regional "franchise," has condemned Gaddafi and urged Muslim scholars, thinkers and journalists to support the Libyan uprising. The group said: "We were pained by the carnage and the cowardly massacres carried out by the killer of innocents Gaddafi against our people and our unarmed Muslim brothers who only came to lift his oppression, his disbelief, his tyranny and his might.

Bluff or not, its unknown where these 110 terrorists are, what training they have and how they shall try to insert themselves. Only that they shall try to insert themselves.

And trust me I'm sure Momar is not above say, you stay there, I'll hang here for a while..... yahda yahda yahda.


Title: Re: general dicussion
Post by: TD892 on March 21, 2011, 10:47:02 am
Gaddafi   has moved to the city of Sabha

The Gaddafi will do what? 
 Become a noose tightening around the Gaddafi and his sons and his entourage, day after day, despite the desperate attempts to recover the revolt of the cities and towns around the corner, such as Tripoli and Misurata  And Gheryan and visitors, and other towns, it did not succeed in something despite the severe wrath demonstrators.   The demonstrations have erupted in more than one in Tripoli, the capital, and in light of the despair that took over Gaddafi and his sons of any honorable way out for them after it became a trading crimes in international criminal courts, and after the booking has been looted assets in various international banks , and after that rushed America in an attempt to atone for the indifference heinous crimes committed by Gaddafi in Benghazi and Tobruk, and white, and others, the Muammar Gaddafi, who is controlled by the paranoia, and Alnrjessep excessive that morals corrupt, which seems to have inherited his sons genetically appeared to them Alammeltha in their speeches and actions, at the best of his sons     Off - perhaps Saif al-Islam - considered to the Libyan people's opposition to force his father and hallucinations his, with disdain and contempt for severe, where shortened in a group of Assassins and users drive hallucinations! May be Gaddafi's permission to resolve his actually move forward in his crimes, and his conversion to the President of militia in the end.

 With Evkralqmavi?  And any options that remained in front of him?

 ! Became almost a consensus among all observers and analysts that Gaddafi had been filled by the stubbornness and Nrjesseth sick all the ports, and made ​​this case difficult is unable even to recognize the existence of opposition in Libya, he is still repeating that the Libyan people, all the Libyan people!  ! Wander around love and are willing to sacrifice their lives in sacrifice to him! ! This is what he says Gaddafi even today to the media!  . And therefore probably be Gaddafi will not give in to reality and step down, and in particular had narrowed to the earth what it has become a welcomed and members of his family wanted for international justice.
 Perhaps one of the possible scenarios that will try to maintain control of Tripoli, the suppression of the demonstrations and stopped Bovtk arms, which may cause in the massacres of ugly, such as those we have seen many examples of them in other cities such as Benghazi and white, and angle, and perhaps the pace even more weapons the most deadly, the left has only a Bab Azizia palace, where the headquarters of the defense will try desperate for using brutality Almenthrp battalions, battalion, especially his son, Khamis, the balance tipped in favor of the revolution, whether with or without external assistance Gaddafi has moved to the city of Sabha  ا.


 In the middle Libya, which is one of its strongholds, because of tribal loyalty, which is still owed, which is located on the edge of the Sahara and the largest community of African, it is also the first station, which brings to Gaddafi armies of mercenaries from Chad, and Mali, and Niger, and Nigeria , and others.

ن . Early plans to move to the city of Siirt, which is still the other far from the revolution to several considerations, the most important tribal loyalty as fall within the tribe Alqmazvp fever.

Gaddafi was the arrogance and hubris and arrogance limit exceeded all imagine, making a lot of people insult him thirties were, and may appear to him that the leaders of the value Alnrjessep ought to destroy the fighters head up stand with his nose towards Aloala, rather than surrender to the will of the Libyan people, who did not recognize him days and the right to freedom of will, like Pharaoh and Moses, who said to his people: what show you only what I see and what I do but guide the way of righteousness!  ا. Gaddafi, who Oogl glory crushed by the expensive and no longer sees his people the right to free choice after that the lance of his entourage, and hypocritical humility and used in his inner circle and Khanuaa Tzlva.
. Said Pharaoh: "Believe ye in Him before I give you permission, it is a trick planned in the city to go out of her family will know.
 ! This verse describes us the perspective of the Pharaohs to their flocks shall be fully applicable on the psyche of every tyrant Jabbar, he does not see the one in the area of control and his right to choose or be convinced by something other than the dictates of the ruling authoritarian!  ! Even ideological conviction shall be subject to the authorization of the ruling pharaoh, and otherwise it is deceit and betrayal worthy of warning: you will know! ! Pharaoh said: Oqtan to your hands and feet of the odds and crucify you on trunks of palm trees and the learned among us the most severely punished and kept!

و . And Gaddafi said: I will open my arms depots, and Libya all Sohol to embers burning, and that millions of people behind me Fitonni their lives, and you will enter your houses and Beta Rue Rue trained and trained and will know.

 Grow and arrogance, and corruption on earth and great pride.

 . Not in front of the brotherly Libyan people to be patient and move forward in resisting this tyrant Alamber, and Victory is near.



more pics of SABHA here >,5.msg220.html#msg220